Brain Stroke: Time & Awareness Are The Key To Saving A Life.

Brain Stroke

A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in your brain leaks or ruptures. Brain hemorrhages can be caused by various conditions that affect your blood vessels. Continue reading to learn more from the outstanding neurosurgeon in India, Dr. Gurneet Sawhney.

When blood to an area of the brain stops flowing, the accompanying body component stops responding. This is referred to as a stroke. This loss of blood supply can be either ischemic (lack of blood flow) or hemorrhagic (blood loss) (bleeding into brain tissue). 

Strokes are considered a medical emergency since they can be fatal or cause permanent disability. Ischemic strokes can be treated, but only if they are addressed during the first few hours of the onset of symptoms.

Dr. Gurneet Singh Sawhney is part of a new generation of ultra-modern neurosurgeons in India. Dr. Sawhney is well-known for treating serious and life-threatening brain and spinal cord disorders. Dr. Gurneet Singh Sawhney is a highly talented neurosurgeon with extensive experience in minimally invasive surgery and neurotrauma. 

Because of his keen interest in neurosciences, he chose to specialise in Functional Neurosurgery, Epilepsy Neurosurgery, Stereotactic Radiosurgery, and Neuroendoscopy. Dr. Gurneet Singh Sawhney, a famous neurosurgeon with over 14 years of experience, has ascended to become Mumbai’s most renowned neurosurgeon by sheer dedication, determination, and hard work. 

Stroke Symptoms

 If you see any signs or symptoms of a stroke, seek medical attention immediately, even if they appear to come and go or resolve completely. Carry out the following tasks as quickly as possible:

  • Dizziness, headache, and blurred vision
    • Difficulty communicating
    • Difficulty walking
    • When you grin, does one side of your face droop?
    • If lifting both arms correctly and equally is challenging.
    • If the speaker’s speech is slurred

A variety of factors causes a stroke.

The two most prevalent causes of stroke are a blocked artery (ischemic stroke) or leaking or bursting of a blood vessel (hemorrhagic stroke). A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a brief interruption of blood flow to the brain that does not result in long-term symptoms in some people. 

  • Ischemic stroke.

It is the most widely used. It occurs when the brain’s blood vessels narrow or block, resulting in significantly reduced blood flow (ischemia). Blocked or restricted blood vessels are caused by fatty deposits in blood vessels, as well as blood clots or other debris that travel through your bloodstream and lodge in the blood arteries in your brain.

  • Stroke as a result of a hemorrhage.

A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in your brain leaks or ruptures. A brain hemorrhage can be caused by various conditions that affect your blood vessels. Several factors contribute to hemorrhagic stroke, including:

  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
    • Use of blood thinners in excess (anticoagulants)
    • Bulges in the walls of your blood vessels where there are weak spots (aneurysms)
    • Protein deposits in the walls of blood vessels cause vessel wall weakening as a result of a traumatic event (such as a car accident) (cerebral amyloid angiopathy)
    • Haemorrhage following an ischemic stroke
    • A less common cause of brain hemorrhage is the rupture of an abnormal tangle of thin-walled blood vessels (arteriovenous malformation).

 Ischemic attack having a short duration (TIA)

A transient ischemic attack, or TIA, occurs when a clot or debris blocks blood flow to a part of your nervous system for a short period. According to Dr. Sawhney, the best neurosurgeon in India, the symptoms are identical to those of an ischemic stroke but go away quickly.

 If you’ve had a TIA, you might have a constricted or partially blocked artery leading to your brain. You are more likely to suffer an Ischemic stroke if you have a TIA. As a result, please seek medical advice as soon as possible. 

Factors that are at risk.

Several factors can raise your risk of having a stroke. Some of the stroke risk factors that can be managed include:

  • Physical inactivity
    • Obesity or being overweight
    • Binge or excessive drinking
    • Cocaine and methamphetamine use, prohibited narcotics that can be dangerous.

Medical issues that may pose a threat

  • High blood pressure
    • Exposure to secondhand smoke or cigarette smoking
    • High cholesterol levels
    • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
    • Diabetes
    • Heart Diseases
    • A family or personal history of stroke, heart attack, or transient ischemic attack
    • COVID-19 Virus Infection

Other factors that have been related to a higher risk of stroke include:

  • Age – People over 55 have a higher risk of stroke than those under 55.
    • Race — African Americans are more likely to stroke than other races.
    • Strokes are more common in men than in women. Women are more likely than men to die from strokes because they are older when they have them.
    • Hormones — Taking estrogen-containing birth control pills or receiving hormone therapy increases your risk of developing breast cancer.

 Let’s look at the therapy choices now that we’ve learned about the symptoms and causes of stroke. 

The following are some stroke treatment options:

1.Carotid endarterectomy: This technique involves making a tiny incision across the carotid artery and removing plaque. Intra-arterial thrombolysis: in this technique, a catheter is introduced into the artery and put near the clot’s location to restore normal blood flow to the brain. To break the clot, fibrinolytic drugs are injected directly into the clot.

2.Mechanical thrombectomy: To access the clot, a catheter is placed through the artery. After that, a stent remover is placed through the catheter to remove the clot physically.

3.Carotid angioplasty: The surgeon uses a sheath to introduce a catheter into the artery. After that, contrast material is introduced into the artery. The contrast material allows for a full view of the artery and its smaller branches. A filter is put on the opposite side of the restricted artery channel to trap any material that breaks free during the process.

 After that, a balloon is placed and inflated through the catheter to widen the artery route and get the blood flowing. A mesh-like stent is implanted through the catheter to keep the artery walls from collapsing.

 After we’ve performed the appropriate procedure, the patient will go through stroke rehabilitation, including physiotherapy, speech therapy, stimulation therapy, and medication. According to Dr. Sawhney, the excellent neurosurgeon in India, the length of time it takes for a patient to regain their limited abilities is determined by the depth of the stroke’s damage.

 Keep in mind that it’s Face Arms Speech Time. After all, saving a life requires awareness and time.

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