Beauty

What Causes Pigmentation To Develop?

Freckles, acne marks, dark eye circles, melasma, and sunspots are the common skin pigmentations an individual can have. Each has different causes and treatment solutions. Most aesthetic clinics around the world have pigmentation removal treatments that are carefully planned depending on the skin condition of the patient. Laser treatments are the most effective options. Read here about one of these laser treatments and how it effectively works on treating pigmentations.

Looking for the best solution for your skin issue is easy as you can research them on the internet. But why reach that point when you can prevent yourself from developing a skin pigmentation. A way to keep your skin clear and flawless is to be aware of the factors causing the discolouration on the skin.

Why Pigmentation Happens

When the skin senses or experiences an injury, it produces melanin. This leads to the development of pigmentation. Melanin is a defence action of the skin to protect the DNA cells. Although a good thing, melanin is what creates the discolouration on the skin. Below are some of the factors that trigger the excessive production of melanin.

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal changes commonly happen to ladies who are going through pregnancy. Hormones trigger melasma which at times get under control leading to the development of tiny and dark pigmentations. Also, avoid getting wounded or having a pimple breakout as the scars or marks may be difficult to deal with because of the excessive melasma production.

Sun Damage

The sun lets out vitamin D, which is good for our health, especially for the skin. But as the years go by, the Earth’s ozone layers have gotten thinner, making the sun’s UV rays harmful to the skin. Excessive exposure to the sun without wearing any sunscreen can lead to the development of pigmentations such as freckles and sunspots. Not only does it create discolouration on the skin, but it also affects the skin’s laxity. Tanning beds are not an exception. The UVA rays cause damages to the melanocytes. 

Melanocytes are responsible for the production of melanin. In addition to damaging melanocytes, UV rays also damage collagen fibres which are the essential nutrients the skin needs. Make it a habit to wear sunblock regularly to prevent the sun from damaging your skin. 

Inflammations

Acne, psoriasis, and eczema are just some of the common inflammation that causes brown spots or marks to develop on the skin. An inflammation happens as it is the skin’s defence action to protect the dermis or the deeper layers of the skin from getting affected by the infected substances. The skin creates a barrier wall surrounding the substance to prevent it from spreading further. It may sound a good thing, but inflammation can trigger the excessive production of melanin. 

Types Of Pigmentations

Various types of pigmentation have their unique characteristics. Each can be treated with certain treatment methods (medical or home remedies). Below are some of the common pigmentations that you may already have.

Freckles

We’ve mentioned earlier that sun damage can develop freckles, and that is very true. A child is never born with any freckles at sight. Such pigmentation will only develop later on as kids are fond of playing under the sun. Freckles can be genetic, but the sun’s UV rays can worsen them. Freckles have a brownish, reddish, or tan appearance.

Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation

Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation or PIH usually develops after inflammation or injury on the skin. Some PIH will fade away over time depending on how severe it is, while some can be permanent and may require professional assistance. Whatever the case, if you want to get rid of your pigmentation immediately, medical procedures are your best solutions.

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